Sponge Rubber Extrusions: The Unsung Heroes of Vibration Isolation and Noise Control

sponge rubber extrusions

In the world of industrial manufacturing and product design, there are certain materials and products that play pivotal roles yet seldom receive the spotlight they deserve. Among these, sponge rubber extrusions stand out as unsung heroes of vibration isolation and noise control in many different industries.

Often hidden away in the crevices of machinery, buildings, and vehicles, sponge rubber extrusions serve as a critical component in enhancing performance, safety and comfort. Closed cell rubber sponge materials including Silicone, EPDM, and Neoprene sponge are engineered to absorb and dampen the vibrations and noise that can degrade equipment functionality, or create harmful or uncomfortably loud environments. 

Let’s delve into the unique properties of sponge rubber extrusions and explore how they contribute to making our world a quieter, more comfortable place.

Sponge Rubber Extrusions

The sponge extrusion process is a manufacturing technique used to produce continuous profiles of sponge rubber materials with varying shapes and sizes. Raw materials are prepared and fed into an extruder, equipped with a heated barrel and rotating screw. As the material moves through the barrel, it is heated and pressurised to become more malleable. The screw forces the compound through a die at the end of the barrel, shaping the material into a length of a continuous profile that can then be cured cut and finished to create products to suit applications in industries ranging from automotive and rail, to construction, particularly noise and vibration isolation, along with insulation and sealing.

The extrusion process’s ability to produce parts with specific characteristics, such as flexibility, resilience, and resistance to environmental factors, makes it indispensable for creating components that meet the exacting requirements of so many modern applications.

Vibration Isolation and Noise Control

Sponge rubber extrusions play a crucial role in vibration isolation and noise control due to their unique material properties and design versatility. Here are some of the main reasons why they are so important, along with the benefits they provide in isolating vibrations and insulating against noise:

Material Properties

  • Elasticity: Sponge rubber’s elasticity allows it to absorb and dissipate energy, making it highly effective at isolating vibrations. This property ensures that it can return to its original shape after compression, maintaining its effectiveness over time.
  • Damping Characteristics: It has inherent damping properties, meaning it can absorb vibration energy and reduce the amplitude of vibrations. This is important for protecting machinery, vehicles and structures from the damaging effects of excessive vibration.

Versatility in Applications

Sponge rubber extrusions can be customised into various shapes and sizes, making them suitable for a wide range of applications. They can be fitted into or around machinery, between structural elements, or within products to reduce vibration and noise in multiple contexts, from industrial machinery to automotive components and building construction.

Noise Reduction

  • Sound Absorption: The porous structure of sponge rubber makes it excellent for absorbing sound waves to reduce noise levels. This is beneficial in environments where noise reduction is essential for comfort and safety, such as in residential buildings, offices, and vehicles. For example, noise reduction gaskets help to make rail travel more comfortable.
  • Sound Insulation: Sponge rubber extrusions can act as an insulating barrier, preventing the transmission of sound from one area to another. This makes them ideal for use in walls, flooring, and ceilings as part of construction projects aimed at creating quieter indoor environments.

Vibration Isolation

  • Protecting Equipment: By isolating vibrations, sponge rubber extrusions protect sensitive equipment from damage and wear. This extends the lifespan of machinery and electronics by preventing the harmful effects of continuous vibration.
  • Improves Accuracy: In precision applications, such as in laboratories or manufacturing facilities, reducing vibration is crucial for the accuracy and reliability of equipment. Sponge rubber extrusions help maintain stable conditions, ensuring precise measurements and operations.

Durability and Resistance

Sponge rubber materials can be formulated to be resistant to various environmental factors, including temperature extremes, UV light, water, and chemicals. This durability ensures that it remains effective as a vibration isolator and noise insulator, even in harsh conditions.

Energy Absorption

The ability of sponge rubber to absorb energy not only aids in vibration damping but also in impact protection. This makes it suitable for use in areas where shock absorption is necessary to protect components or individuals.

Improved Comfort and Safety

In the automotive industry and building construction, the use of sponge rubber extrusions contributes to improved comfort by reducing the transmission of noise and vibrations. This enhances the overall user experience and can also reduce fatigue in environments where noise and vibration are constant factors.

Rubber Extrusion Manufacturers

By integrating sponge rubber extrusions into the design of products and structures, manufacturers and engineers can achieve significant improvements in vibration isolation and noise control. These benefits are essential for protecting equipment, extending product lifespans, ensuring precision in sensitive applications, and enhancing comfort and safety in various environments.

At CB Frost, we supply custom made sponge and rubber extrusions in a wide range of materials to suit practically any vibration or noise control application. With our expertise in synthetic rubbers, sponge and plastics, we help customers in various sectors to select the best suited material to accommodate the processes and conditions they will be exposed to. With our extensive stock of rubber and sponge sheet materials and inhouse manufacturing capabilities, we can provide fast lead times.

To discuss your sponge rubber extrusion needs, contact our knowledgeable sales team.


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